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Sunday, 14 July 2013

Adjectives - Express Notes


Friends, my motive here is giving an exposure to some of us who don't know how to arrange the adjectives in a sentence and short notes for comparison of adjectives.
  • Adjectives are words that describe a person, animal or thing. They tell us more about the person, animal or thing.
  • We use adjectives to talk about the quality of a person, animal or thing. We can talk about the size, shape, colour or condition of a person, animal or thing using adjectives.
Size
A big house.
A small house.
Shape
A square handkerchief.
An oval mirror.
Colour
A red ball.
A yellow carnation.
Condition
A hungry tiger.
A wet T-shirt.

We may use more than one adjective to describe something. When we do this, we should arrange the adjectives in the following order:

Examples:
1
2
3
4

size
shape
colour
condition
She has a
big
-
red
-
ball.
This is a
large
oval
-
-
table.
I saw a
big
-
-
fierce
tiger at the zoo.



Comparison of Adjectives
  • We can make comparisons using adjectives. There are three degrees of comparison.
  • The positive is used:
    • to describe one object or person
      • Puan Fadzilah is tall.
      • That watermelon is big.
    • to compare two equal or similar objects or persons using as + adjective + as
      • Puan Fadzilah is as tall as her brother.
      • That watermelon is as big as this one.
    • compare two object or persons that are not equal. We use adjective + er + than.
      • Puan Fadzilah is taller than her mother.
      • That watermelon is bigger than this one.
    • three or more objects/persons that are not the same. We use the + adjective + est.
      • Puan Fadzilah is the tallest in her family.
      • That watermelon is the biggest in the basket.
Positive
Comparative
Superlative
big
bigger
the biggest
clever
cleverer
the cleverest
dirty
dirtier
the dirtiest
easy
easier
the easiest
warm
warmer
the warmest


Take Note


1.      We use more and most with adjectives that have two or more syllables.

Examples:
                  My T-shirt is more colourful than yours.
                  That is the most colourful T-shirt I have ever seen.

Positive
Comparative
Superlative
careful
more careful
the most careful
difficult
more difficult
the most difficult
expensive
more expensive
the most expensive
famous
more famous
the most famous
popular
more popular
the most popular

2.      With some adjectives, the comparative and superlative are different from the positive.


Examples:
                  Hanan is a good swimmer.
                  Sarah swims better than Hanan.
                  Lily is the best swimmer in the class.

Positive
Comparative
Superlative
good
better
the best
bad
worse
the worst
little
less
the least
many
more
the most
much
more
the most